Ilkley Neighbourhood Development Plan (Regulation 16) July 2021
Affordable housing: Housing for sale or rent, for those whose needs are not met by themarket (including housing that provides a subsidised route to home ownership and/or is for essential local workers); and which complies with one or more of the following definitions:
- Affordable housing for rent: meets all of the following conditions:
- the rent is set in accordance with the Government's rent policy for Social Rent or Affordable Rent, or is at least 20% below local market rents (including service charges where applicable);
- the landlord is a registered provider, except where it is included as part of a Build to Rent scheme (in which case the landlord need not be a registered provider); and;
- it includes provisions to remain at an affordable price for future eligible households, or for the subsidy to be recycled for alternative affordable housing provision. For Build to Rent schemes affordable housing for rent is expected to be the normal form of affordable housing provision (and, in this context, is known as Affordable Private Rent).
- Starter homes: is as specified in Sections 2 and 3 of the Housing and Planning Act 2016 and any secondary legislation made under these sections. The definition of a starter home should reflect the meaning set out in statute and any such secondary legislation at the time of plan-preparation or decision-making. Where secondary legislation has the effect of limiting a household's eligibility to purchase a starter home to those with a particular maximum level of household income, those restrictions should be used.
- Discounted market sales housing: is that sold at a discount of at least 20% below local market value. Eligibility is determined with regard to local incomes and local house prices. Provisions should be in place to ensure housing remains at a discount for future eligible households.
- Other affordable routes to home ownership: housing provided for sale that provides a route to ownership for those who could not achieve home ownership through the market. It includes shared ownership, relevant equity loans, other low cost homes for sale (at a price equivalent to at least 20% below local market value) and rent to buy (which includes a period of intermediate rent). Where public grant funding is provided, there should be provisions for the homes to remain at an affordable price for future eligible households, or for any receipts to be recycled for alternative affordable housing provision, or refunded to Government or the relevant authority specified in the funding agreement.
Ancient woodland: An area that has been wooded continuously since at least 1600 AD. Itincludes ancient semi-natural woodland and plantations on ancient woodland sites (PAWS).
Archaeological interest: There will be archaeological interest in a heritage asset if it holds,or potentially holds, evidence of past human activity worthy of expert investigation at some point.
Article 4 direction: A direction which withdraws automatic planning permission granted bythe General Permitted Development Order.
Best and most versatile agricultural land: Land in grades 1, 2 and 3a of the AgriculturalLand Classification.
Birds and Habitats Directives: European Directives to conserve natural habitats and wildfauna and flora.
Climate change adaptation: Adjustments made to natural or human systems in response tothe actual or anticipated impacts of climate change, to mitigate harm or exploit beneficial opportunities.
Climate change mitigation: Action to reduce the impact of human activity on the climatesystem, primarily through reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Conservation (for heritage policy): The process of maintaining and managing change to aheritage asset in a way that sustains and, where appropriate, enhances its significance.
Community Infrastructure Levy: A levy allowing local authorities to raise funds from ownersor developers of land undertaking new building projects in their area.
Designated heritage asset: A World Heritage Site, Scheduled Monument, Listed Building,Protected Wreck Site, Registered Park and Garden, Registered Battlefield or Conservation Area designated under the relevant legislation.
Development plan: Is defined in section 38 of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act2004, and includes adopted local plans (e.g. CBMDC's Core Strategy), neighbourhood plans that have been made and published spatial development strategies, together with any regional strategy policies that remain in force. Neighbourhood plans that have been approved at referendum are also part of the development plan, unless the local planning authority decides that the neighbourhood plan should not be made
Economic development: Development, including those within the B Use Classes, public andcommunity uses, and main town centre uses (but excluding housing development).
Ecological networks: These link sites of biodiversity importance.
Edge of centre: For retail purposes, a location that is well connected to, and up to 300metres from, the primary shopping area. For all other main town centre uses, a location within 300 metres of a town centre boundary. For office development, this includes locations outside the town centre but within 500 metres of a public transport interchange. In determining whether a site falls within the definition of edge of centre, account should be taken of local circumstances.
European site: This includes candidate Special Areas of Conservation, Sites of Community Importance, Special Areas of Conservation and Special Protection Areas, and is defined in regulation 8 of the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2010.
Greenfield Land or Site: Land (or a defined site) usually farmland, that has not previouslybeen developed.
Geodiversity: The range of rocks, minerals, fossils, soils and landforms.
Green Belt (not to be confused with the term 'greenfield'): A designation for land around certain cities and large built-up areas, which aims to keep this land permanently open or largely undeveloped. The purposes of the green belt is to:
- check the unrestricted sprawl of large built up areas
- prevent neighbouring towns from merging
- safeguard the countryside from encroachment
- preserve the setting and special character of historic towns
- assist urban regeneration by encouraging the recycling of derelict and other urban land
Greenfield Land or Site: Land (or a defined site) usually farmland, that has not previously been developed.
Green Infrastructure: A network of multi-functional green space, urban and rural, whichis capable of delivering a wide range of environmental and quality of life benefits for local communities.
Heritage asset: A building, monument, site, place, area or landscape identified as having adegree of significance meriting consideration in planning decisions, because of its heritage interest. 'Heritage Asset' includes designated heritage assets and assets identified by the local planning authority (including local listing).
Historic environment: All aspects of the environment resulting from the interaction between people and places through time, including all surviving physical remains of past human activity, whether visible, buried or submerged, and landscaped and planted or managed flora.
Historic environment record: Information services that seek to provide access to comprehensive and dynamic resources relating to the historic environment of a defined geographic area for public benefit and use.
Inclusive design: Designing the built environment, including buildings and their surrounding spaces, to ensure that they can be accessed and used by everyone.
International, national and locally designated sites of importance for biodiversity: All international sites (Special Areas of Conservation, Special Protection Areas, and Ramsar sites), national sites (Sites of Special Scientific Interest) and locally designated sites including Local Wildlife Sites.
Local planning authority: The public authority whose duty it is to carry out specificplanning functions for a particular area (CBMDC). All references to local planning authority apply to the district council, London borough council, county council, Broads Authority, National Park Authority and the Greater London Authority, to the extent appropriate to their responsibilities.
Local Plan: A plan for the future development of a local area, drawn up by the local planningauthority in consultation with the community. In law this is described as the development plan documents adopted under the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004. A local plan can consist of either strategic or non-strategic policies, or a combination of the two.
Main town centre uses: Retail development (including warehouse clubs and factory outletcentres); leisure, entertainment facilities the more intensive sport and recreation uses (including cinemas, restaurants, drive-through restaurants, bars and pubs, night-clubs, casinos, health and fitness centres, indoor bowling centres, and bingo halls); offices; and arts, culture and tourism development (including theatres, museums, galleries and concert halls, hotels and conference facilities).
The Merton Rule: The Merton Rule was developed by Merton Council and adopted in 2003.It required new developments to generate at least 10% of their energy needs from on-site renewable energy equipment to help reduce annual carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in the built environment. The rule applied to all types of buildings including homes.
Neighbourhood plans: A plan prepared by a Town Council or Neighbourhood Forum fora particular neighbourhood area (made under the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004).
Older people: People over or approaching retirement age, including the active, newly retired through to the very frail elderly; and whose housing needs can encompass accessible, adaptable general needs housing through to the full range of retirement and specialised housing for those with support or care needs
Open space: All open space of public value, including not just land, but also areas of water (such as rivers, canals, lakes and reservoirs) which offer important opportunities for sport and recreation and can act as a visual amenity.
Original building: A building as it existed on 1 July 1948 or, if constructed after 1 July 1948, as it was built originally.
Out of centre: A location which is not in or on the edge of a centre but not necessarily outside the urban area.
Out of town: A location out of centre that is outside the existing urban area.
People with disabilities: People have a disability if they have a physical or mental impairment, and that impairment has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on their ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities. These persons include, but are not limited to, people with ambulatory difficulties, blindness, learning difficulties, autism and mental health needs.
Planning condition: A condition imposed on a grant of planning permission (in accordance with the Town and Country Planning Act 1990) or a condition included in a Local Development Order or Neighbourhood Development Order.
Planning obligation: A legal agreement entered into under section 106 of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 to mitigate the impacts of a development proposal.
Playing field: The whole of a site which encompasses at least one playing pitch as defined in the Town and Country Planning (Development Management Procedure) (England) Order 2015.
Pollution: Anything that affects the quality of land, air, water or soils, which might lead to an adverse impact on human health, the natural environment or general amenity. Pollution can arise from a range of emissions, including smoke, fumes, gases, dust, steam, odour, noise and light.
Previously developed land: Land which is or was occupied by a permanent structure, including the curtilage of the developed land (although it should not be assumed that the whole of the curtilage should be developed) and any associated fixed surface infrastructure. This excludes: land that is or was last occupied by agricultural or forestry buildings; land that has been developed for minerals extraction or waste disposal by landfill, where provision for restoration has been made through development management procedures; land in built-up areas such as residential gardens, parks, recreation grounds and allotments; and land that was previously developed but where the remains of the permanent structure or fixed surface structure have blended into the landscape.
Primary shopping area: Defined area where retail development is concentrated.
Primary and secondary frontages: Primary frontages are likely to include a high proportion of retail uses which may include food, drinks, clothing and household goods. Secondary frontages provide greater opportunities for a diversity of uses such as restaurants, cinemas and businesses.
Priority habitats and species: Species and Habitats of Principle Importance included in the England Biodiversity List published by the Secretary of State under section 41 of the Natural Environment and Rural Communities Act 2006.
Renewable and low carbon energy: Includes energy for heating and cooling as well as generating electricity. Renewable energy covers those energy flows that occur naturally and repeatedly in the environment – from the wind, the fall of water, the movement of the oceans, from the sun and also from biomass and deep geothermal heat. Low carbon technologies are those that can help reduce emissions (compared to conventional use of fossil fuels).
Renewable energy 'Community-led' projects: Community involvement is at the heart of the project's development process. For example:
- proposals are conceived in partnership between a community organisation and a developer (commercial or non-profit), or another party;
- proposals are supported, or promoted by a community at the planning or pre-planning stage.
Renewable energy 'Meets the needs' of local communities projects and proposals: The project or proposal is capable of producing social, economic or environmental benefits which are inclusive and accessible to all within the local community over the lifetime of the project. Examples of such benefits include:
- community ownership and control over renewable energy assets (and their energy and financial outputs);
- the generation of surpluses which can be spent by the local community;
- cheaper and more secure local energy supply (which could be achieved through measures such as deployment of smart energy management technologies, energy storage and through community controlled energy supply);
- benefits to the local environment which are identified and desired by the local community.
(Cornwall Council (2016) in Neighbourhood Planning in a Climate Emergency 3rd Edn (2020: 29) Centre for Sustainable Energy)
Setting of a heritage asset: The surroundings in which a heritage asset is experienced. Its extent is not fixed and may change as the asset and its surroundings evolve. Elements of a setting may make a positive or negative contribution to the significance of an asset, may affect the ability to appreciate that significance or may be neutral.
Significance (for heritage policy): The value of a heritage asset to this and future generations because of its heritage interest. The interest may be archaeological, architectural, artistic or historic. Significance derives not only from a heritage asset's physical presence, but also from its setting. For World Heritage Sites, the cultural value described within each site's Statement of Outstanding Universal Value forms part of its significance.
Special Areas of Conservation: Areas defined by regulation 3 of the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2017 which have been given special protection as important conservation sites.
Special Protection Areas: Areas classified under regulation 15 of the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2017 which have been identified as being of international importance for the breeding, feeding, wintering or the migration of rare and vulnerable species of birds.
Site of Special Scientific Interest: Sites designated by Natural England under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981.
Stepping stones: Pockets of habitat that, while not necessarily connected, facilitate themovement of species across otherwise inhospitable landscapes.
Strategic Environmental Assessment: A procedure (set out in the EnvironmentalAssessment of Plans and Programmes Regulations 2004) which requires the formal environmental assessment of certain plans and programmes which are likely to have significant effects on the environment.
Supplementary planning documents: Documents which add further detail to the policiesin the Local Plan. They can be used to provide further guidance for development on specific sites, or on particular issues, such as design. Supplementary planning documents are capable of being a material consideration in planning decisions but are not part of the development plan.
Sustainable transport modes: Any efficient, safe and accessible means of transport withoverall low impact on the environment, including walking and cycling, low and ultra-low emission vehicles, car sharing and public transport.
Town centre: Area defined on the local authority's proposal map, including the primaryshopping area and areas predominantly occupied by main town centre uses within or adjacent to the primary shopping area. References to town centres or centres apply to city centres, town centres, district centres and local centres but exclude small parades of shops of purely neighbourhood significance. Unless they are identified as centres in Local Plans, existing out-of-centre developments, comprising or including main town centre uses, do not constitute town centres.
Transport assessment: A comprehensive and systematic process that sets out transportissues relating to a proposed development. It identifies what measures will be required to improve accessibility and safety for all modes of travel, particularly for alternatives to the car such as walking, cycling and public transport and what measures will need to be taken to deal with the anticipated transport impacts of the development.
Transport statement: A simplified version of a transport assessment where it is agreedthe transport issues arising out of development proposals are limited and a full transport assessment is not required.
Travel plan: A long-term management strategy for an organisation or site that seeks todeliver sustainable transport objectives through action and is articulated in a document that is regularly reviewed.
Wildlife corridor: Areas of habitat connecting wildlife populations.
Windfall sites: Sites not specifically identified in the development plan.